Nestled in the cove of east coast of India,
Kakinada is the headquarters of the East Godavari District, in
Andhra Pradesh. Also called as "Cocanada",
it is situated on the western side of Koringa Bay.
Although a seaport, it is now little used because the anchorage is 8-km to 10-km offshore. Because it is situated in a shifting deltaic region, the port has to be constantly dredged to keep the seabed at a uniform depth of 1.2-km to 1.8-km.
Kakinada passed under the control of Kapilesvara Gajapati of Orissa and it remained under the Gajapatis for a long time. 'Jaggannaikpur' or 'Jagannathapuram', which lies to the south of Kakinada harbour, was associated with the Dutch, the French and the English.
Kakinada has risen in importance as an educational centre and has Engineering, Medical, Polytechnic and Arts and Science colleges affiliated with Andhra University. Kakinada is also commercially and industrially important. Kakinada exports cotton, peanuts (groundnuts), sugar, and tobacco, and there are many industries in and around the city.
At a distance of about 3-km from Kakinada, there is a Vaishnavite temple at Sarpavaram, dedicated to Bhavanarayana Swami. The architecture of the temple depicts a perfect and harmonious blend of the both the Chalukyan and Chola styles. The idol is a consummate piece of workmanship and many people of the locality visit this temple with great devotion.
48-km from Kakinada is Annavaram, one of the reputed centres of pilgrimage in the state on account of a temple of Sri. Vira Venkata Satyanarayana Swami.
26-km from Kakinada is Draksharamam, famous for the Bhimesvara temple. The Lingam, which is a 'Sphatika' (white) Lingam, is one of the three Lingams in 'Trilinga Desa'.
Nearest airport is at Vishakhapatnam.
Kakinada is a railway station on the Samalakota - Kakinada branch line of the south central railway. It is well connected by rail to all the important places in the state.
Private and State run buses connect Kakinada with all the important places of the State.
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The most important festivals celebrated here are the Nukalamma Tirtham (February-March), Gnanapati Navaratrulu (August-September) and Sriramanavami (March-April), and all these are attended by thousands of devotees.
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 45, Min 28
Winter- Max 29, Min 18.
Clothing: Light Cottons
STD Code: 0884