Golaghat, one of the oldest erstwhile subdivision of the
northeast Indian state of Assam, created during the
pre-independence era in the year 1848, has become a full fledged district
(139 years later) on 23rd October, 1987. The district comprises of three
subdivisions, Golaghat, Dhansiri and Bokakhat.
Geographically, it is situated at a height of 71m above sea level near 26 degree North and 94 degree East. It is bounded by river Brahmaputra in the North, Nagaland state in the South, Jorhat district in the East, and Karbi Anglong and Nagaon districts in the West.
Dhansiri, Doyang, Gela-Beel and Kakodonga are the main tributaries of the river Brahmaputra that flows across the district. Tea, sugarcane, rice, mustard, oranges and pineapples are some of the principal cultivated crops.
According to old folklore, Golaghat got its name from being a place of business ('Gola') near the river port (Ghat) of Dhansiri. A famous Assamese satirical saying associating Golaghat is showing up a Golaghat-face, meaning a gloomy, sickly person. Golaghat at one time was famous for its frequent outbreaks of Malaria and Kala-Azar.
National Park, famous for its one-horned Rhino worldwide, and the
Nambor reserve forest are the two natural reserves of wild flora and fauna
that are situated within the district.
A major oil refinery is now under construction at Numaligarh. People believe that this will perhaps usher in the much-needed industrialization of the predominately residential district.
Air: Jorhat is well connected by air, with daily
flights from Guwahati, and four flights a
week from Calcutta
Rail: Jorhat is connected to Guwahati by a direct rail line.
Road: There are Assam state transport as well as private buses, which operate in this sector.
Jorhat has got some excellent options for accommodations, which range from comfortable and reasonable tourist lodges to luxurious hotels.
Click here for Map Of Golaghat
Click here for Road Map Of Golaghat
Click here for Railway Network Map Of Golaghat