Situated on the banks of Ganga, Patna, the capital city of Bihar has a history that goes back well over two millennia. It is also the Gateway City of those interested in visiting places of Buddhist importance such as Vaishali, Nalanda, Rajgir and Bodhgaya, as well as the southern regions of the state. Bodhgaya was the place where Buddha attained enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree, the saplings of which can still be seen in the Maha Bodhi Temple premises. Gaya is an important Jain and Hindu pilgrimage and is visited by many Hindus every year, to pray for the well being of the departed souls. To witness the remnants of history, visit the Ruins of Nalanda University, which emerged as great university around 4th-5th century A.D. An International Centre for Buddhist Studies also functions here. Known as the ancient capital of 'Magdha Kings', Rajgir is an important Hindu pilgrimage as the Temple Complex of Sun God is situated over here. Other places worth a visit include Ranchi, Dhanbad, Chota Nagpur, Jamshedpur and Bokaro.