THE LITCHI KINGDOM
Situated near the historical Vaishali, the city of Muzaffarpur is one of the major towns of north Bihar. Muzaffarpur the Lychee City, a short distance from popular tourist spots like Hajipur, Sonepur and Vaishali is located just south of the Burhi Gandak River. The city was founded by Muzaffar Khan in the 18th century and hence the name.
Modern Muzaffarpur, along with the districts of Champaran, and Darbanga, may have been comprised in the Lichhavi territory at the beginning of the 6th century B.C., when the Lichhavis were in the zenith of their power. There are, therefore, plenty of interesting historical sites around the area.
It is also one of the oldest and largest trade centres in the entire state. A major road and rail hub, it is a trade centre on the Patna-Nepal route. Rice and sugar milling and cutlery manufacture are the chief industries. It is the seat of the University of Bihar that was founded in 1952. This is also the gateway to Nepal via Birgunj.
One of the oldest republics of the world, Vaishali was once the capital of the Lichhavis. It is also a place of immense religious significance for the Buddhist community as Lord Buddha preached his last sermon here.
Famous for its annual animal fair, which is the biggest of its kind in the whole of Asia, Sonepur is situated at the confluence of the river Ganga and Gandok.
It is also one of the beautiful excursions of Muzaffarpur.
HOW TO GET THERE
It is 70 kms from Patna Airport.
There is a railway station at Muzaffarpur.
A well laid network of buses operates in the area.
Where to stay : Lichhavi Vihar Tourist Bunglow, Muzaffarpur, Tel. # (0621) 268512.
OTHER USEFUL INFORMATION
District Informatics Officer, NIC District Unit, Collectorate Building, Muzaffarpur.
Population (1991 prelim.): 240,450.
Languages : Maithili, Hindi.
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