The climate of Gujarat
is varied, as it is moist in the southern districts and dry in the
northern region. The Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Cambay in the west and
the forest-covered hills in the east soften the rigours of climatic
extremes, consequently reducing the temperature and render the climate
more pleasant and healthy. As the Tropic of Cancer passes through the
northern border of Gujarat, the state has an intensely hot or cold
The year can be divided mainly into three seasons namely, the winter season from November to February, the summer season from March to May, the southwest monsoon season from June to September and the intervening month of October.
In winter, temperatures average between 12°C and 27°C (between 54° and 81° F), although freezing levels have been recorded in the state. In the summer temperatures average between 25°C and 43°C (77° and 109° F) and have been known to reach as high as 48°C (118° F).
|Winter||27° C||12° C|
|Summer||25° C||43° C|
In Ahmedabad , the daily winter maximum temperature is 26 degrees Celsius and the minimum 12 degrees Celsius, although sub-zero cold spells have been recorded. In summer the daily maximum temperature can reach 48 degrees Celsius, though 42-43 degrees Celsius is more common. The summer minimum is 25 degrees Celsius. Further south, the winter temperatures never fall as far, and the summer temperatures are slightly more moderate.
The average rainfall in Gujarat varies from 33 to152 cms. The southern region of the state has an average rainfall ranging from 76 to 152 cms, Dangs district having the highest average of about 190 cms. The northern districts have a rainfall varying from 51 to 102 cms. The rainfall in the southern highlands of Saurashtra and the Gulf of Cambay is approximately 63 cms while the other parts of Saurashtra have a rainfall less than 63 cms.
The semi-desert area of Kachchh has a very low average rainfall. Certain areas in Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Banaskantha, Panch Mahal, Surendranagar and Jamnagar districts face chronic scarcity conditions for want of adequate rains.