or Pallippaana, as it is sometimes called, is a ritual art to propitiate
the goddess Bhadrakaali, popular in the districts of
and Malappuram. Paana is part of a
Near the shrine, a conopy is erected, supported by 64 posts of the 'Paala' tree (Alstonia Scholaris) and adorned with tender palm fronds. A stump of this tree is ceremonially brought to the site and planted there. A non-figurative 'Kalam' is drawn in the centre using coloured powders.
A ceremonial sword is placed on a red silk cloth under the tree stump to signify the presence of the goddess. At the end of a series of rites, the oracle arrives and moves in a trance around the Kalam and the pandal.
'Para', a variation of the Chenda is the main percussion instrument, and produces a frenzied beat to match the furious movements of the oracle. Performed during the night, the ritual lasts for about three hours.