on the northern fringe of the Vypeen Island, Pallippuram Fort was built in
1507 AD, by the Portugese. It is considered to be the first fort built in
India by the Europeans.
It witnessed several battles between the Portugese and the Dutch. The hexagonal-shaped fort has three storeys and is now a protected monument.
One of the oldest existing European monuments in India, Pallippuram Fort was captured by the Dutch in 1661 AD and finally sold to the State of Travancore in 1789 AD. The Catholic Church at Pallippuram is an important pilgrim centre for the Christians.