Jalna is bounded in north by the districts of
Buldhana, in east by the district of
Parbhani, in south by the district of Bid, and in west by the district of
Aurangabad . The administrative
headquarter of this district is located at Jalna town.
Jalna was a part of two erstwhile districts namely Aurangabad and Parbhani. It comprises of five Tehshils - Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafferabad, Partur and Ambad. The northern part of the district lying between the Satmala hills and the central hill range known as Jalna Hills is an unpaid plateau and is drained by the Purna River and its tributaries. The southern part is low land flat area.
The Ajanta range, which enters the district at its northwestern corner, acts as a watershed between the Tapi valley on the north and Godavari valley on the south. The Jalna hill range acts as a watershed between the two fertile valleys of the Girja in the north and the Dudna in the south.
The famous Ajanta
and Ellora caves
situated at a distance of 100-kms and 30-kms from
Aurangabad respectively are
equally important tourist centres for this district as well. Other places
of tourist interest are Aurangabad
Caves, Bibi Ka
Maqbara (Mausoleum of Dibras Banu Begam), Pan Chakki (water mill)
and Daulatabad (the capital of Muhammad Tughluq).
Ajanta and Ellora
The state of Maharashtra is home to the charming Ajanta and Ellora group of caves. The city of Aurangabad shot to fame as the world's most famous caves; Ajanta and Ellora are situated about 108-kms northeast of Aurangabad. These caves lie deep within the Sahyadri hills, cut into the curved mountainside, above the Waghora River. They constitute one of the most beautiful expressions of the art of the Indian Middle Ages, and are designated as an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Aurangabad caves are located outside the city of Aurangabad just few kilometers away from another famous monument Bibi Ka Maqbara. These were excavated between the 2nd and 6th century AD. They are carved out of the hillside and are a fine piece of architecture, housing the most stunningly intricate carvings.
Dargah of Baba Shah Muzaffar is located on the left bank of the River Kham, near Begampura Bridge, with a mosque, a modest tomb and ornamental gardens. It has an unusual watermill known as the Pan Chakki, built by Malik Ambar in 1695. The water, channeled from a spring on a distant hill was used to power the flourmill and grind grain for the pilgrims.
Bibi Ka Maqbara
Bibi Ka Maqbara, situated 5-km from the Aurangabad city was built in 1678 by Aurangazeb's son Prince Azam Shah, in memory of his mother Begum Rabia Durani. It is considered as a fine piece of Mughal architecture in the Deccan region and is also known as The Taj of south India.
Air: Aurangabad is the nearest airport from
Rail: Jalna is connected with Manmad railway junction via Aurangabad and also with Hyderabad on the metregauge line of Central railway.
Road: Regular bus service is available from Jalna to all the important neighbouring towns including Mumbai, Nashik, Manmad, Hyderabad, Shirdi etc.
There are not many options of accommodation one can find in Jalana except for few budget hotels.
Most of the Hindu festivals such as Ganapati Puja, Shivaratri, Holi, Dusshera, Diwali are celebrated by the people of the district. The Muslims population too observes their own festivals like Id-ul-Zuha, Id-ul-Fitar etc. "Panchamukhi Mahadeo" and Durga Mata fair at Jalan are important fair originated in different parts of the district.
Population: 1,364000 (District, 1991 census)
Clothing: Cotton Clothes
STD code: 02482
Ellora: 30-km (via Aurangabad)
Ajanta: 100-km (via Aurangabad)