Both the 'deul' (tower) and 'Jagmohana' (porch) of the
Brahmeswara temple are in the fully developed mature Orissan style. This
temple can be dated with fair accuracy by the use of inscriptions that
were originally on the temple. They are now unfortunately lost, but
records of them preserve the information.
The Sculptural Art
The Brahmeswara shows quite a bit of affinity with the much earlier "Mukteswara temple", including the carved interior of the 'Jagmohana', and in the sculptural iconography such as the lion head motif, which appeared for the first time in the 'Mukteswara', and is here evident in profusion. There are quite a number of innovations, however, including the introduction of a great number of musicians and dancers, some holding lutes, on the exterior walls. For the first time the use of iron beams was done in the construction.
The Exquisite Figurines
The carvings over the doorframe contain beautiful flower designs as well as flying figures. Like the "Rajarani", there are images of the eight directional Guardian Deities. There are also quite a number of tantric-related images, and even 'Chamunda' appears on the western facade, holding a trident and a human head, standing on a corpse. Shiva and other deities are also depicted in their horrific aspects.
One of the lost inscriptions stated that a Queen 'Kolavati' presented 'many beautiful women' to the temple, and it has been suggested that this is an evidence of the 'Devadasi' tradition, which assumed such importance in later Orissan temple architecture and temple life.