SIDDHESVARA TEMPLE

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» East India
» Orissa
Location : Bhubaneswar, Orissa
Architecture Style : Orissan Temple Architecture



The eastern edge of the terrace in front of the 'Muktesvara' temple is lined by six small shrines, of which the one on the extreme north is a specimen of the 'Khakhara' Order. To its north - west is the Siddhesvara temple, in which the emergence of the typical Orissan form is almost complete.

The Duel
The 'Deul' is 'Pancha-Ratha' on plan, and the 'Bada' is 'Panchanga' with a division of ''Jangha' into 'Tala' and 'Upara' by the 'Bandhana' composed of three mouldings. The 'Rathas' of the lower and upper 'Janghas' are relieved respectively with 'Khakhara - Mundis' and 'Pidha -Mundis' (miniature representations of the 'Khakhara' and 'Pidha' types as ornamental motifs), as in fully developed temples.

Above the 'Varanda', made of seven mouldings, is a row of shallow 'Anga-Shikharas' (miniature 'Rekhas') round the 'Gandi', the frontal 'Raha' being distinguished by a cluster of five including two 'Pidha-Mundis'. A rampant lion crowns the 'Anga-Shikhara' on the 'Raha'. The 'Kanika-Paga' is divided into five 'Bhumis' by rounded 'Bhumi-Amlas'.

The 'Vi-Sama' participates in the 'Paga'-divisions. The 'Amla' is supported by four squatting figures. Of the images of 'Parsva-Devatas', 'Ganesha' in the southern niche and 'Kartikeya' in the western are extant. Devoid of ornamentation, there is nothing outstanding about the 'Deul'.

The Jagmohana
The 'Jagamohana' is 'Tryanga', and its 'Jangha' is relieved with 'Pidha-Mundis' between pilasters. The central projections are lighted by balustraded windows and are crowned by semi cylindrical roofs at the top. The arrangement of the 'Pidhas', like that of the Muktesvara temple, is continuous without any recess, and the crowning element consists of only a 'Kalasa' without the usual components of the full-fledged 'Jagamohana'.



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