SVARNAJALESVARA

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» East India
» Orissa
Location : Bhubaneswar, Orissa
Presiding Deity : Lord Shiva & Goddess Parvati



A duplicate of the 'Deul' of the 'Parasuramesvara', both architecturally and sculpturally, is furnished by the 'Svarnajalesvara', situated a few metres to the south of the former, near the 'Kotitirtha' tank. The temple, facing the east, is badly dilapidated. The central piece of the lintel contains 'Gaja-Lakshmi', while the architrave above is relieved with 'Grahas'.

The 'Garbha-Muda' is made of two central beams, resting on sidewalls, and six slabs, three each on either side of the beams, with one end on the beams and the other on the front or back wall. The upper courses of the wall immediately below the 'Muda' are corbelled. The three friezes on the lintel above the northern niche containing Parvati depict, from bottom upwards, Shiva Parvati flanked by flying figures, the worship of the 'Linga' and the marriage of Shiva and Parvati.

Embellishments On The Structures
The decoration of the 'Kanthi' - the recessed portion marking off the 'Gandi' from the 'Bada' is, however, different. On the northern and western sides are depicted scenes taken the monkey-chief 'Sugriva', Rama killing the golden deer, Bali's death at the hands of Rama and the fight between Shiva, in the guise of a 'Kirata', and 'Arjuna'; the subject of the partly-preserved southern frieze is the favourite motif of the capture of wild elephants.

The crowning member above the 'Khapuri' consists of a cylindrical object, octagonal below and circular above, surmounted by a miniature 'Amla' with a groove in between. The fragmentary 'Naga'-figure holding a foliated 'Purna-Ghata', which is now lying near the door, was in all likelihood fixed on the side of the doorway. Two such loose figures are also to be seen in small shrines within the enclosure of the Muktesvara temple.



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