Just 40-km from Chidambaram,
where the Cauvery, merges with the bellowing sea, it was formerly known as
"Puhar", but due to the exquisite beauty of the port town, it
came to be called as `Poompuhar'. Another name of Poompuhar was
Poompuhar beach has black sand and rough surf, making it unsuitable for swimming. In spite of this it is very popular with the locals. It has a monument depicting an ancient bathing scene, which adds to its uniqueness. A fine beach and calm water offer good bathing.
Poompuhar, once the biggest port on the east coast, was at its peak under the earlier Chola Kings. The greatness of the city is brought out in some of the poems in Sangam literature and also by Silappathikaram and Manimekalai among the epics.
The life and time of the Tamil classic 'Silappathikaram' has been recreated at Poompuhar to the immense pleasure of the Tamils. In order to conjure up the decorative ornamental scenic beauty of Poompuhar, an art gallery is made to present the environment and atmosphere of the 2nd century AD by the creation of the llanji Mandram, Paval Mandram, the Buddhist School, Arugan Kottam, Tirumal Kottam, Murugu Kottam, etc.
The nearest airport is at Tiruchirappalli
Rail: Poompuhar in located in Sirkali taluk of Nagappattinam district. The nearest railway stations are Mayiladuthurai railway junction (24-km) and Srikali railway station (21-km). Visitors from Chennai, by train have to get down at Sirkali.
Road: Poompuhar is well connected to Mayiladuthurai and Sirkali by road. Tourists from Chennai to Poompuhar by private carriers can take the route via Tindivanam, Pondicherry, Cuddalore and Sirkali. Those who come from Madurai, Ramanathapuram and Tirunelveli may proceed via Melur, Tiruppathur, Karaikudi, Tharangampadi and Akkur. They can also come via Pudukkottai, Thanjavur, and Mayiladuthurai
The Department of Tourism offers shell shaped cottages to the tourists in the Poompuhar Tourist Complex, at a moderate tariff.