Erode is the district headquarters of the district of the
same name. Temple inscriptions indicate the prominent role played by the
city as early as the tenth century AD. Its name is associated with a Chola
temple (907-1279) and means "wet skull". Though the Maratha,
Mysore, Muslim and British armies successively destroyed Erode, the
surrounding fertile soils assisted in the city's quick recovery as an
agricultural trade center.
Erode is a railway hub and is the junction for the Pykara and Mettur hydroelectric schemes. Industries include cotton ginning and the manufacture of transport equipment. It has industrial schools and several colleges affiliated with the University of Madras.
It's Location And Boundaries
The Erode district, which had its origin as an independent district recently, lies in the extreme north of Tamil Nadu. In the north, it is bounded mostly by the State of Karnataka . River Palar also constituted its northern boundary for quite some distance. To the east lie Salem, Namakkal and Karur districts. Dindigul district is its immediate neighbour to the south and on the west it has Coimbatore and Nilgiri districts as its boundaries. Thus, Erode is essentially a land locked area having no seacoast of its own.
History Of The City
Erode district which till recently formed part of Coimbatore has its history intertwined with that of Coimbatore. It is found that in the early days this area was occupied by tribes, most prominent among them being the "Kosars".
The Rulers Who Ruled Erode
The Kosar tribes were overpowered by the Rashtrakutas from whom the region fell into the hands of the Cholas. On the decline of Cholas, the Kongunadu came to be occupied by the Chalukyas and later by the Pandyas and Hoysalas. This region was later wrested by Vijayanagar rule after over throwing the Madurai Sultanate. Because of the internal strife and intermittent of wars the Kongu region in which the present Erode district is situated, fell into the hands of the Mysore rulers from whom Hyder Ali took over the area.
Later on the fall of Tipu Sultan of Mysore in 1799, the Kongu region came to be ceded to the East India Company by the Maharaja of Mysore who was restored to power by the Company after defeating Tipu Sultan. From then, the area remained under British control till 1947. The entire area now constituting Erode district formed part of Coimbatore till recently from August 1979.
Sangameshwarar Temple At Bhavani
Located 15-km northeast from Erode Railway Station is the famous pilgrimage centre, Bhavani. It is popularly known as "Tiruveni of South India". The temple stands at the confluence of the rivers Bhavani and the Cauvery. The presiding deity is Lord Sangameshwarar along with his consort Vedanayaki.
Erode being one of the prominent trading centres in the
state is well connected with all modern means of transport and
communication except for air service. Direct access by roads and rail from
state capital and other district headquarters is available.
Air: The nearest airport is at Coimbatore, which is only a few hours by road.
Rail: Erode is an important railway junction on the west coastline. All passenger trains from Chennai to the west coast halt here.
Road: Erode is well connected by road with the important towns and cities within and beyond the state. For local transportation taxis and auto rickshaws are available.
Accommodation is available at the moderate class and small class budgeted hotels and lodges in Erode.
The Annual Kundam festival at Chikkarasanpalayam in Gopichettipalayam Taluk (Taluka) is the biggest event celebrated in Erode district.
Vijaya Heart Hospital
Population: 1,59,232 (1991 Census)
Latitude: N 10o 35' to 11o58'
Longitude: E 76o 50' to 77o 55'
Clothing: Light Cottons
Languages Spoken: Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu and Urdu.
STD Code: 0424
Temperature Range (deg C):
Summer- Max 39.6ºC, Min 24.1ºC
Winter- Max 32.8ºC, Min 20.5ºC
Rainfall: 700 mm
Bhavani - 72-km
Coimbatore - 90- km
Dharapuram - 71-km
Karur - 56-km
Namakkal - 48-km
Salem - 58-km
Satyamangalam - 56-km