Fort St. George is located on the Rajaji Salai road in
Chennai, the capital
city of Tamil Nadu. The fort was one among the first
few bastions that were built by the East India Company in 1640 to protect
its interests in India from rival companies. This fortification also marks
the making of Madras
(Chennai) as a modern city.
Fort St. George's towering Flagstaff is, even today, the tallest in India. The black charnockite pillars of the building provide an insight into British military architecture of the 17th and 18th centuries. It once housed the British Regiment mess and later the lighthouse.
The Oldest Church In India
Within the fort premises is the oldest surviving British church in India, St. Mary's Church. St. Mary's Church is the first Anglican Church built in 1678-80 and it is also the oldest surviving British Church in India. St. Mary's Church is often described as the Westminster Abbey of the East.
St. Mary's was the venue for the marriage of Lord Clive. Towards the North of the fort is the High Court compound, which was built, in Indo-Saracenic architectural style. Within this compound stand the Lighthouse erected in 1844, which was superseded by another one in 1971.
A Museum Dedicated To The Raj Era
The fort has a museum, which displays many items from the British Raj and memorabilia of the East India Company. These relics are a reminder of a period of oppression and struggle. The museum also has a good collection of some fine contemporary paintings. Other major attractions include the paintings of the Governor of this fort and other high officials of the British regime.
Today the fort houses the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and Council as well as the offices of the State's Secretariat. High court of the state is located in the same compound.
Air: Chennai has an airport with national and
international terminals. Regular flights connect
Chennai with the
major cities within the country and international countries such as
Singapore, America, UK, etc.
Rail: Chennai is well connected by rail with all the major places within and beyond the state.
Road: State transport buses and private buses connect Chennai with the major towns and cities within the state and country. For local transportation local trains, city buses and auto rickshaws are also available.
Varied accommodation options from luxurious to economy class ones are available at the hotels at Chennai.