Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is a marine biosphere, running along with coasts of Ramanathapuram and Tuticorin districts. The entire Gulf of Mannar abounds in distinguished marine life covering 10,500-sq-kms and 21 islands with continuous stretches of coral reef.
Flora And Fauna
Gulf of Mannar is the first Marine Biosphere Reserve not only in India but also in South East Asia. It is full of coral reefs, Dugong, Turtles and Balano- Glossus. Dolphins could create euphoria to the tourists. The presence of coral reef, flora and fauna here are in their virgin form. The coral reefs, which surround the islands in the area are highly productive and are often referred to as "Underwater Tropical Rain Forest" and a treasure house for marine ornamental fishes.
The Marine Reserve
This unique marine ecosystem of Gulf of Mannar is one of the richest for biodiversity resources in the Indian subcontinent. The richness of its biodiversity can be gauged from the fact that more than 3,600 species of fauna and flora have been recorded in this reserve. Kurasadai Islands, off Mandapam, boasts of a vast expanse of shallow waters.
Moreover, more than 138 villages and towns spread over five districts depend heavily on the fishery resources of the Gulf. Commercial fishing is done in about 5,500 sq. km. and nearly 50,000 people dwelling in 47 villages along the coastline bordering the Gulf of Mannar depend directly on the biodiversity resources of the biosphere reserve for their livelihood.
The establishment of the Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere reserve has enhanced India's position as an environmentally responsible country in the comity of nations.
Air: The nearest airport is at
Rail: The nearest railway stations are the Mandapam railway station and the railway station at Tuticorin.
Accommodation is available at the hotels in Mandapam, Ramanathapuram and Tuticorin.