South of Lumbini, but in Uttar Pradesh, identified through
recent excavations, with Kapilavastu, the capital of the Sakya clan and
the seat of Suddhodanas capital. This is the place where the Buddha
spent his childhood grappling with the overwhelming and puzzling problem
of human existence, of suffering, disease, old age, pain and death. It was
here that he decided to renounce the sensual pleasures of life, the power
of the ruler, the confort and security of family life to take up the
mendicants bowl in his quest for enlightment.
The ancient city, now in ruins, from where Buddhism started, abounds in several stupas. Stone caskets containing relics believed to be that of Buddha, have been recovered from the main stupa.
There is a host of evidence to prove today that Piprahwa is the Kapilvastu of Buddha's times. The geographical conditions of Kapilvastu as described in Buddhist epics are similar to those in Piprahwa. The 'Asthi-patra' found in 1897-98 A.D., clearly matches the engravings in Piprahwa. The 1971 excavations in Piprahwa revealed clinching evidence in terms of relics of the Buddha period. The discovery of an earthen pot which had Kapilvastu engraved on it confirmed Piprahwa's ancient legacy. Some coins of the same period were also excavated. Piprahwa lies between two important Buddhist destinations - Lumbini (birth place of Buddha in Nepal) and Srawasti (where Buddha spent 27 monsoons).
Air: Convenient airports are Gorakpur,
Rail: Piprahwa can be reached by road from Naugarh railway station.
Road: It is 96 km from Gorakhpur via Naugarh.
Local transport: Taxis, Local Buses.
PWD Inspection House, Naugarh.
Irrigation Rest House, Birdpur.
Gorakhpur (via Naugarh): 96-km