Uttar Pradesh reflects a unique amalgam of various
religions, though it is considered to be the seat of Hinduism. While it is
believed that the great epics of the Hindus, Ramayana and Mahabharata,
have their origin in places within the state, Uttar Pradesh has also been
a witness to the main events of Jainism and Buddhism.
The medieval period witnessed the advent of Muslim rule, and the spread of Islam in the state. This unique synthesis saw the rise of great preachers like Ramdas, Kabir and Tulsidas.
In 6th century B.C., Uttar Pradesh witnessed the rise of two new religions-Jainism and Buddhism. It was at Sarnath that Buddha preached his first sermon and laid the foundations of his order while it was at Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh that Buddha breathed his last. Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism is said to have breathed his last at Doora, U.P.
Although, the majority of the population practises Hinduism, Muslims form 15% of the population. Followers of Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, and Sikhism together constitute less than 1 percent of the total population of Uttar Pradesh.