Uttar Pradesh is a huge state with varied kinds of means of
transportation. The state has plains and highly developed cities on one
hand while on the other, it has hilly terrains and remote villages. There
is a great diversity in the transport pattern of the state. There are
bullock carts, horse carts, cycle rickshaws and also all other modern
means of transport such as buses, cars, scooters etc.
By the end of 1998-99, total road length in the State of U.P. was 1,21,761 km. This include 4,036 km of national highways, 9,637 km of state highways, 9,911 km of important district roads, 25,246 km of other district roads and 72,931 km of rural roads.
Lucknow is the main junction of the northern network. Other important railway junctions are Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Mughalsarai, Moradabad, Varanasi, Tundla, Gorakhpur, Gonda, Faizabad, Bareilly and Sitapur.
There are airports at Lucknow , Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi, Bareilly. Hindon (Ghaziabad), Gorakhpur, Sarsawa (Saharanpur), Pantnagar (Nainital), Jolly Grant (Dehradun) and Fursatganj (Rae-Bareli).
The state's transportation system also includes the three inland waterways of the Ganges, Yamuna, and Ghaghara rivers.