consolidate their hold on Bengal and avoid any further attack on the
establishment the British had built a fort which cost them an awesome 2
million pounds in those days. The forest around this fort was cleared to
give a clear shot to the cannons. Today the fort stands as the reminder of
first steps of British towards establishment of the Indian empire. The
cleared area is now known as the Maidan and acts as breather for the
otherwise congested city. This maidan is located in the heart of the city
and is an ideal place for a morning stroll or even for a break from the
ever increasing rush of the city. It acts as the lungs of the city. The
Chowringhee road, the Victoria memorial and the Eden Garden
surround the maidan while the Raj Bhawan over looks it. The maidan is
flanked by the skyscrapers of Calcutta. On one side if the Maidan is the
Calcutta Race Course.
The Botanical gardens:
The botanical garden of Calcutta is perhaps the most important gardens in India. This garden has a well classified and categorized variety of Flora and Fauna. The 250 year old Banyan tree is a special attraction. It is said that the tree has spread its area so much that it is difficult to say which one is the original trunk. The circumference of the tree is around 400 meter. The botanical garden is located on other side of Calcutta on the banks of Hooghly. The horticulture gardens in the heart of the city is a famous avenue for the flower and other exhibitions. It is particularly famed for the display of seasonal flowers.
The Zoological Gardens:
Spread over an sprawling area of 45 acres the Alipore Calcutta Zoo is perhaps the largest in the country. This zoo was established in 1876 and is the one of the oldest zoo gardens in India. In this zoo are kept many animals from all over the world. But the main attraction are the white tigers of Rewa. Also are famed the winter migration of birds to this zoo. Close to the Alipore zoo is the Aquarium. Here tropical fresh water and sea fishes are kept in aquariums. The Alipore zoo has got a Reptile house which houses some of the reptiles found in India. The reptiles kept here includes King Cobra and the Crocodiles.